What Were The Shared Goals Of The Chinese Exclusion Act And The Gentlemen`s Agreement
Source 5: “Veto of the Chinese Exclusion Act” (4/4/1882) Chester A. Arthur, President of the United States. The law was finally signed by Arthur after the exclusion period was lowered to 10 years. When the Japanese population expanded in California, Japan viewed them with suspicion as an invasive corner. In 1905, anti-Japanese rhetoric filled the pages of the San Francisco Chronicle, and Japanese Americans lived not only in Chinatown, but throughout the city. In 1905, the Japanese and Korean exclusion leagues promoted four policies: the Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1907 (紳協) was an informal agreement between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan, which would not allow the United States to emigrate on Japanese immigration, and Japan would not allow further restrictions on Japanese immigration. The aim was to ease tensions between the two Pacific states. The agreement was never ratified by the U.S. Congress and was replaced by the Immigration Act of 1924.
President Roosevelt had three objectives to resolve the situation: to show Japan that California`s policy did not reflect the ideals of the entire country to force San Francisco to end the policy of segregation and to find a solution to the problem of Japanese immigration. Victor Metcalf, Minister of Trade and Labour, was sent to investigate the problem and force the repeal of the policy. He did not succeed because local officials wanted Japanese exclusion. Roosevelt tried to put pressure on the school`s management, but it won`t give way. On February 15, 1907, the parties reached a compromise. If Roosevelt could ensure the suspension of Japanese immigration, the school board would allow Japanese-American students to attend public schools. The Japanese government did not want to harm its national pride or suffer humiliations, as the Qing government in China in 1882 by the Chinese exclusion law. The Japanese government has agreed to refrain from granting passports to workers attempting to enter the United States, unless such workers come to occupy a house formerly acquired to join a relative; The spouse or take active control of a pre-acquired farm.  Competing priorities Labour and capital have long shaped immigration law in a timely manner and have produced sometimes conflicting results in immigration policy.